Τα σημαντικότερα νέα από την 62η Συνεδρίαση της Επιτροπής Ναρκωτικών του ΟΗΕ: Μέρος 1ο

Τη Δευτέρα 18 Μάρτη ξεκίνησε στα κεντρικά του ΟΗΕ στη Βιέννη η 62η συνεδρίαση της Επιτροπής για τα Ναρκωτικά (CND). Στο τέλος της εβδομάδας που προηγήθηκε (14-15 Μαρτίου) είχε πραγματοποιηθεί η Υψηλή Συνδιάσκεψη σε επίπεδο υπουργών/αρχηγών κρατών (HLMS) με την ολοκλήρωση ενός προγράμματος που είχε ψηφιστεί το 2009 με τίτλο “Πολιτική βούληση και σχέδιο δράσης για τη διεθνή συνεργασία για μια ολοκληρωμένη και ισορροπημένη στρατηγική για την αντιμετώπιση του παγκόσμιου προβλήματος των ναρκωτικών”. Το 2019 ήταν η χρονιά που τα Ηνωμένα Έθνη συμφώνησαν να επανεξετάσουν τη πρόγραμμα, να αξιολογήσουν τα αποτελέσματά του, τις επιπτώσεις του και την επιτυχία των κρατών μελών στην επίτευξη των στόχων που είχαν θέσει.

Τα περισσότερα μέτρα του Προγράμματος στόχευαν στη μείωσης της προσφοράς και της ζήτησης ναρκωτικών ουσιών με απώτερο στόχο “έναν κόσμο δίχως ναρκωτικά”. Όπως αναμενόταν, τα κράτη μέλη δεν κατάφεραν να πετύχουν τα ανέφικτα και έτσι αποφάσισαν θετικά σε ένα νέο ψήφισμα. Ενώ, λοιπόν, το έγγραφο αυτό ψηφίστηκε με τη συναίνεση όλων, η απόδοση αυτού σε εθνικό επίπεδο διαφέρει όσο η νομιμοποίηση της κάνναβης και η αποποινικοποίηση χρήσης όλων των ουσιών, οι χώροι εποπτευόμενης χρήσης και η υποβοηθούμενη ψυχοθεραπεία με τη χρήση mdma ή lsd για παράδειγμα, με την στρατιωτικοποίηση της δημόσιας ασφάλειας, τις εξωδικαστικές δολοφονίες, την απουσία διάθεσης οποιούχων αναλγητικών για ιατρικούς σκοπούς (ανακούφιση από τον πόνο), τη ίδια την θανατική ποινή κ.α. Επομένως, παρότι υπάρχει συναίνεση είναι βέβαιο πως δεν υπάρχει ομοφωνία, η έλλειψη της οποίας ήταν καταφανής καθ’ όλη τη διάρκεια τόσο του HLMS όσο και του CND.

Άξιο αναφοράς ήταν το γεγονός ότι μια μέρα πριν την έναρξη των εργασιών του HLMS, 31 υπηρεσίες των Ηνωμένων Εθνών, συμπεριλαμβανομένου του Οργανισμού για την καταπολέμηση του Εγκλήματος και των Ναρκωτικών (UNODC) υιοθέτησε κοινή θέση σχετικά με την πολιτική για τα ναρκωτικά υποστηρίζοντας την αποποινικοποίηση της κατοχής και της χρήσης. Read more

Civil Society Forum on Drugs addresses key recommendations to the HDG on the draft declaration of the 2019 CND Ministerial Segment

From 14-22 March, the annual meeting of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) is organized in Vienna, this year focusing on the assessment of the UN’s 10-year program on drug policy (2009-2019) and the debate on whether or not to adopt a new declaration for the next decade. This session will also decide whether to approve or not the changes proposed by the World Health Organization regarding the legal status of cannabis.

As UN member states are currently negotiating the declaration to be adopted at the 2019 UN Ministerial Segment on drugs, the Civil Society Forum on Drugs (CSFD) -in which organization Diogenis participates as a member –  wishes to offer the following recommendations to the EU and its member states, with the hope that these will be helpful for the next stage of the negotiations process.

More specifically, the CSFD calls “on the EU and its member states to continue to champion the fundamental principles of evidence, human rights, health, development, and the role of civil society throughout the negotiations process – and to continue to promote UNGASS implementation and the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as the basis for the post-2019 global drug strategy. As such, the CSFD believes that it would be counterproductive to adopt a resolution that significantly rolls back on progress made at the 2016 UNGASS. This means that, as the negotiations continue in the next few weeks, a decision might need to be made as to whether no consensus – and no declaration in March – is preferable to a weak outcome that would reverse the hard-fought gains of the UNGASS. That being said, we remain at your disposal for further discussions, or requests for specific language that would be helpful to the negotiations”

Read the full document here

International Women’s Day: EU Civil Society Forum on Drugs calls for global drug policies that promote & protects the humanrights of women

Οn the occasion of International Women’s Day (ΙWD), celebrated on March 8 every year, the EU Civil Society Forum on Drugs (CSFD) has published recommendations on the importance of promoting gender equality to achieve a balanced approach to the drug phenomenon and calls for global drug policies that promote & protects the humanrights of women.

CSFD hopes that these recommendations “can be of use in informing the positions of the European Union at the Ministerial Segment and at the 62nd session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs”.

 

 

 

 

You can read the recommendations here

Drug Consumption Rooms: majority vote for provision allowing their establishment

Today, Thursday 7/3/2019, the legal provision allowing the establishment of Drug Consumption Rooms in Greece was adopted by majority vote (229 ‘in favor’, 32 ‘against’ and 1 ‘present’) in the pleanary session of the Parliament.

According to this provision, Article 91 par.3 of the proposed law submitted by the Ministry of Health (“Private Clinics Statutory Framework, Modernization and Reformative recommendations, The National Public Health Organization establishment, the National Institute of Neoplasms and the other provisions establishment”): 

“The approved bodies of Article 51 (Law 4139/2013) can operate supervised drug consumption sites. Within these supervised drug consumption sites services for safer drug use and harm reduction and reduction of drug-related negative consequences are provided. The objective of supervised drug consumption sites’ operation is to promote the health of active drug users, to protect public health, to reduce the prevalence of infectious diseases among drug dependent individuals, to prevent and effectively address overdose cases through early intervention, to reduce public nuisance, to motivate and prepare drug users for entering treatment programs. Terms and conditions for the establishment and operation of supervised drug consumption sites, staffing and facility issues,  the creation, compliance and operation of service recipients’ Registry record and every other related issue will be determined upon decision of the Minister of Health. The supervised drug consumption sites will operate following an authorization granted by decision of the Minister of Health. The possession and use of drugs from service recipients and within the supervised drug consumption site will not be considered a criminal offence provided that they are registered in the Service Recipients’ Record” 

Greek Parliament set to vote on new bill establishing Supervised Drug Consumption Sites-The contribution of civil society organizations

The debate over the recent draft law entitled “Private Clinics Statutory Framework, Modernization and Reformative recommendations, The National Public Health Organization establishment, the National Institute of Neoplasms and the other provisions establishment” is in the homestretch. The proposed draft bill, submitted by the Health Ministry, includes – among others-  various amendments of the Law 4139/2013 on drugs as well as a specific provision for the legal establishment of supervised drug consumption sites in Greece. 

On February 20, 2019, a hearing meeting of the Standing Committee on Social Affairs of the Hellenic Parliament took place, during which the proposed Draft Law was discussed. Mrs. Galinaki Sofia, Advocacy Officer of Diogenis and representative of the greek Organizations’ Platform for psychoactive substances, participated in the hearing, during which in cooperation with other Platform’s member-organizations presented a series of proposals aiming to improve this legislative initiative.

Α relevant proposals’ memorandum was submitted on behalf of the Platform to the Committee and the Minister of Health, Mr A. Xanthos.

Next Tuesday, 26/2/2019, the second reading of the draft law by the Committee is expected to take place, so that later be introduced  in plenary for voting.

The 16th newsletter from DPNSEE, has just been published!

The trimestral newsletter #16 of the “Drug Policy Network in SE Europe” has just arrived, with news from the activities of its member-organizations for the period October – December 2018!

You can read it or download it here.

Human Rights Day: Persons Who Use Drugs Count!

On the occasion of the Human Rights Day (December 10th), organization “Diogenis – Drug Policy Dialogue”, concludes its awareness campaign entitled “Persons Who Use Drugs Count”. This year we celebrate the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the UN General Assembly in 1948.

Worldwide, we have seen large-scale abuses of international human rights in the name of the drug control system. The “Persons Who Use Drugs Count” campaign, is calling for a drug policy focused on human rights, where the epicenter is the human being and its fundamental needs, ensuring that “no one is left behind”.

You can read the full document here.

 

The trimestral newsletter of DPNSEE just reached issue #15!

The trimestral newsletter #15 of the “Drug Policy Network in SE Europe” has just arrived, with news from the activities of its member-organizations for the period July – September 2018!

You can read it or download it here.

Press Release: International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC) evaluates UN’s 10-year program

The International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC) presented today the report “Taking stock: A decade of drug policy – A civil society shadow report” in Vienna today. The findings are a response from the International Consortium, a network of 174 non-governmental organizations around the world, in the failure of  governments and the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) to substantially evaluate the ten-year program they adopted in 2009. Member states of the UN declared in 2009 that they “will eliminate or substantially reduce and reduce measurably illicit drug supply and demand, trafficking, diversion of precursors and money laundering.” The report finds that UN Member States are still pursuing a policy that causes devastating effects on health, human rights, security and development, without reducing global supply and use of illicit drugs.

According to UNODC’s annual reports on drugs, over the past decade there has been an increase of 145% of drug-related deaths, noting that in 2015 drug deaths already amounted to 450,000
• At least 3,940 people have been executed for drug offenses over the past decade, while 33 countries have maintained the death penalty for drug-related offenses in violation of international standards.
• About 27,000 out-of-court executions took place in the Philippines as part of its repressive drug policy.
• More than 71,000 overdose deaths in 2017 are the current policy review in the United States of America.
• The global epidemic of pain resulting from restrictions on access to controlled medicines remains. The drug control system has left 75% of the world’s population without adequate access to pain relief.
• Mass imprisonment fueled by the criminalization of people using drugs – with one in five detainees being in prison for drug offenses – mainly for personal use. ”
Read more

Lecture: “Cannabis – Recent Legislative Developments”

In the context of the 16th Panhellenic AIDS and Hepatitis Conference, held on September 27, 2018 in Athens, the director of “Diogenis Drug Policy Dialogue”, Thanasis Apostolou, gave a lecture on:

“Cannabis – Recent Legislative Developments”

The lecture refers to the history of international cannabis legislation, while presenting new developments for both medicine and recreational use.

You can read or download the lecture by clickinghere.(in Greek)