Since 1960’s, the international legal drug control system, as enshrined in the three international UN conventions on drugs, is  implemented by the great majority of UN member states. The drug conventions have been transposed into national legislation within the framework of criminal law with repressive measures and punishment. The negative impact of repressive measures has led more and more countries to adapt legislation with measures that divert from the requirements of the drug conventions. An in-depth analysis and a dialogue based on specific data are necessary for a legislative framework that meets modern requirements for effective and continually evaluated practices and methods.

Here, suggestions and ideas, of governments, international organizations, NGOs and academics for reform and improvement of the current drug control system will be presented.